Old Occupations
Contributed by: Carol Lackey
Accomptant             Accountant
Almoner                Giver of charity to the needy
Amanuensis             Secretary or stenographer
Artificer              A soldier mechanic who does repairs
Bailie                 Bailiff
Baxter                 Baker
Bluestocking           Female writer
Boniface               Keeper of an inn
Brazier                One who works with brass
Brewster               Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith            Metal Worker
Burgonmaster           Mayor
Caulker                One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows) or       
                       seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hemp fiber produced by taking old ropes apart
Chaisemaker            Carriage maker
Chandler               Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles;   
                       retailer of groceries
Chiffonnier            Wig maker
Clark                  Clerk
Clerk                  Clergyman, cleric
Clicker                The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to
                       invite customers; one who received the matter in the
                       galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form
                       ready for printing;  one who makes eyelet holes in
                       boots using a machine which clicked.       
Cohen                  Priest
Collier                Coal miner
Colporteur             Peddler of books
Cooper                 One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves &
                       hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
Cordwainer             Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather
                       from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain
Costermonger           Peddler of fruits and vegetables
Crocker                Potter
Crowner                Coroner
Currier                One who dresses the coat of a horse with a curry
                       comb;  one who tanned leather by incorporating
                       oil or grease.
Docker                 Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo
Dowser                 One who finds water using a rod or witching stick
Draper                 A dealer in dry goods
Drayman                One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides
                       for carrying heavy loads
Dresser                A surgeon's assistant in a hospital
Drover                 One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market;  a
                       dealer in cattle.
Duffer                 Peddler
Factor                 Agent, commission merchant;  one who acts or transacts
                       business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate
Farrier                A blacksmith, one who shoes horses
Faulkner               Falconer
Fell monger            One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation
                       for leather making
Fletcher               One who made bows and arrows
Fuller                 One who fulls cloth;one who shrinks and thickens woolen 
                       cloth by  moistening, heating, and pressing; one who
                       cleans and finishes cloth
Gaoler                 A keeper of the goal, a jailer
Glazier                Window glassman
Hacker                 Maker of hoes
Hatcheler              One who combed out or carded flax
Haymonger              Dealer in hay
Hayward                Keeper of fences
Higgler                Itinerant peddler
Hillier                Roof tiler
Hind                   A farm laborer
Holster                A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn
Hooker                 Reaper
Hooper                 One who made hoops for casks and barrels
Huckster               Sells small wares
Husbandman             A farmer who cultivated the land
Jagger                 Fish peddler
Journeyman             One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his 
                       craft,  not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day
Joyner/Joiner          A skilled carpenter
Keeler                 Bargeman
Kempster               Wool comber
Lardner                Keeper of the cupboard
Lavender               Washer woman
Lederer                Leather maker
Leech                  Physician
Longshoreman           Stevedore
Lormer                 Maker of horse gear
Malender               Farmer
Maltster               Brewer
Manciple               A steward
Mason                  Bricklayer
Mintmaster             One who issued local currency
Monger                 Seller of goods (ale, fish)
Muleskinner            Teamster
Neatherder             Herds cows
Ordinary Keeper        Innkeeper with fixed prices
Pattern Maker          A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog 
                       was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end
Peregrinator           Itinerant wanderer
Peruker                A wig maker
Pettifogger            A shyster lawyer
Pigman                 Crockery dealer
Plumber                One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead            
                       frames for plain or stained glass windows.
Porter                 Door keeper
Puddler                Wrought iron worker
Quarrier               Quarry worker
Rigger                 Hoist tackle worker
Ripper                 Seller of fish
Roper                  Maker of rope or nets
Saddler                One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other
                       furnishings for horses
Sawbones               Physician
Sawyer                 One who saws; carpenter
Schumacker             Shoemaker
Scribler               A minor or worthless author
Scrivener              Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public
Scrutiner              Election judge
Shrieve                Sheriff
Slater                 Roofer
Slopseller             Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
Snobscat/Snob          One who repaired shoes
Sorter                 Tailor
Spinster               A woman who spins or an unmarried woman
Spurrer                Maker of spurs
Squire                 Country gentleman;  farm owner;  justice of peace
Stuff gown             Junior barrister
Stuff gownsman         Junior barrister
Supercargo             Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and
                       the commercial concerns of the ship
Tanner                 One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
Tapley                 One who puts the tap in an ale cask
Tasker                 Reaper
Teamster               One who drives a team for hauling
Thatcher               Roofer
Tide waiter            Customs inspector
Tinker                 Am itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman
Tipstaff               Policeman
Travers                Toll bridge collection
Tucker                 Cleaner of cloth goods
Turner                 A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles
Victualer              A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy,
                       or ship with food supplies
Vulcan                 Blacksmith
Wagoner                Teamster not for hire
Wainwright             Wagon maker
Waiter                 Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the
                       tide to collect duty on goods brought in
Waterman               Boatman who plies for hire
Webster                Operator of looms
Wharfinger             Owner of a wharf
Wheelwright            One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.
Whitesmith             Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work
Whitewing              Street sweeper
Whitster               Bleacher of cloth
Wright                 Workman, especially a construction worker
Yeoman                 Farmer who owns his own land